What is the cause of the Marburg virus ?
Marburg hemorrhagic fever is a rare, severe type of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family, its recognition led to the creation of this virus family.
Are Ebola and Marburg the same?
Like Ebola, Marburg belongs to the Filovirus family of viruses and is spread among humans when a person comes into contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. Another virus found in Africa that causes hemorrhagic fever is Lassa virus, which is an Arenavirus and is native to West Africa.
Is the Marburg virus contagious?
Marburg haemorrhagic fever is a severe and highly fatal disease caused by a virus from the same family as the one that causes Ebola haemorrhagic fever. … Monkeys are susceptible to infection but are not considered viable reservoir hosts as virtually all infected animals die too rapidly to sustain survival of the virus.
How is the Marburg virus spread?
Rousettus aegyptiacus, fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family, are considered to be natural hosts of Marburg virus. The Marburg virus is transmitted to people from fruit bats and spreads among humans through human-to-human transmission. The Marburg virus causes severe viral haemorrhagic fever in humans.
Can the Marburg virus be cured?
Ebola and Marburg viruses are close and deadly kin. The viruses are the only two known members of the filovirus family, which can cause severe hemorrhagic fever and often death. … Both are marked by severe bleeding from orifices, and neither has an approved vaccine or drug for treatment.
What cell does the Marburg virus attack?
Marburg and Ebola viruses cause a severe hemorrhagic disease in humans with high fatality rates. Early target cells of filoviruses are monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.
What are the symptoms of the Marburg virus?
Marburg virus Symptoms
Signs and symptoms typically begin abruptly within five to 10 days of infection with Ebola or Marburg virus. Early signs and symptoms include:
- Severe headache
- Joint and muscle aches
Over time, symptoms become increasingly severe and may include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea (may be bloody)
- Red eyes
- Raised rash
- Chest pain and cough
- Sore throat
- Stomach pain
- Severe weight loss
- Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and when close to death, possible bleeding from the ears, nose and rectum
- Internal bleeding
What disease is caused by the Marburg virus?
Marburg virus disease (MVD; formerly Marburg hemorrhagic fever) is a severe illness of humans and non-human primates caused by either of the two marburgviruses, Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV).